The pistachio tree is an old tree with a great antiquity. There are many opinions about its origin; mostly know the internal area of IRAN as the original region that this tree has grown there for the first time. The historic signs about its antiquity show that thousand years before Christ its nut has been eaten as a food in Asia. After many years it introduced and carried to some other parts of world.
As though the hot and dry climate of IRAN is very compatible with the characteristic of this tree it has splendor in this country more than every where in the world.
Now Iran’s pistachio is one of the best pistachios in the world. Naturally this situation causes that Iran gain considerable success and progress in different processes of sowing, fostering and harvesting of pistachio.
Compatibility of Pistachio
Compatibility of Pistachio This tree grows in area that the winter is very cold and the summer is hot and long. This plant is very strong against drought and hot weather in summer .It is outwardly a very wide tree and has many branches which spread around it and sometimes its width is about seven meter.
The crop of this is nearly red or white and grows in a cluster like grip. There is a hard shell around the edible kernel of pistachio. The pistachio tree has a long life. If it grows in suitable condition it will be alive more than 100 years.
Other Characteristic of Pistachio
The pistachio kernel contains many food staffs that are incomparable. Its kernel is full of vitamins (such as B1, B2), salts and also proteins which increase its alimentary value. On the average each 100 grammas of pistachio kernel produces about 594 calorie energy.
Pistachio is incomparable among other dried nuts because of some characteristic. Its half open shell helps its producer to roast and salt it without opening its hard shell and easily packing it and present to customers.
Harvest of Pistachio
The trees begin to bloom with the arrival of warm weather in late March. The male pollinates the female via the April winds, and the shell of the nut is fully developed by mid-May. Before June ends, the seed inside the shell has begun its rapid expansion and by the first of August, the seed has filled the shell. The nuts, splitting at the seams, are usually ready to be harvested beginning September 10th.
Harvest of pistachio includes picking the fruits from the trees, separating the outer hull from the hard shell and washing by machines then dry it in the sun(also by machines). Then separate cracked nuts from closed nuts, sort and pack nuts using machines.
After sorting pistachio by machines it is packed to15 Kg, 25 Kg and 50 Kg bags by machines too and be ready for export.
Different Kind of Pistachio
In the markets all over the world in accordance to the external shape of the pistachio it divided to four major groups:
1. Round (Fandoghi); size:28-30,30-32 and 32-34.
2. Jumbo (Kalleqouchi); size: 18-20, 20-22,22-24 and 24-26.
3. Long (Akbari, Ahmadaghaee, Badami); size: 24-26, 26-28, 28-30 and 30-32
4. Natural in shell or closed.
Continue here: Iranian Pistachios